Survive and Thrive: Naval Station Rota, Spain

I am convinced that few places get in your blood and stay there like Rota, Spain. We have been back in the States for three years since leaving Spain, and that heartsick ache, that I initially attributed to the sudden change of scenery and assumed would pass, is still ever-present. Rota, Spain is basically just across the Atlantic from the east coast of the US, but our countries are really worlds apart. In southern Spain, strangers kiss hello, kids accompany their parents to bars (which can mean an actual bar as we think of it, or can also mean a small restaurant), and in the summer, the sun doesn’t set until around 10:30 at night. They work to live instead of living to work. While we were there between 2011 and 2014, there was a sky-high unemployment rate and the economy was in shambles, but you’d never have known it. Everywhere you went, you were welcomed with open arms, smiles and a “Buena!”

There are actual books out there detailing what you need to know about moving to this glorious place, but below is my nutshell version:


Rota is on the Atlantic coast of Spain, directly across the Bay of Cádiz from Cádiz, the oldest city in Western Europe. Spain is broken up into provinces, much like our states, each with its own government, and Cádiz is the province in which Rota is located. Spaniards take a lot of pride in, and strongly identify with, their provinces (much like Texans with Texas). Rota grew from a small fishing village into a town that is now an international destination for northern Europeans looking for some sun. It is chock full of charming and delicious restaurants, old amazing churches, and white-walled alleys just begging you to get lost within their flower-lined labyrinths.


You can live on or off-base, although I’m not aware of any mandatory assignment to base quarters, that may have changed since we left in 2014. There were old and new houses on base. The old houses were one story, ranch-style, with 3 bedrooms and 3 full baths. They were around 1500-1600 square feet. Though not typical, our house faced directly to the ocean. New on-base houses were popping up while we lived there–they were much bigger and were based more on family size than on rank or billet. Off-base houses were much bigger than most base housing, and they had SO MUCH character to them. Just as you’d imagine: gorgeous Spanish tile, some with pools, palm trees, etc. If you live off-base, you’ll probably have to compromise with no air conditioning, small kitchens, and giant walls around your property, but some of those places are just spectacular. People are completely split about the decision to live on or off base.


We arrived in Spain in July. The sun shone brightly, and the sky was the clearest blue you’d ever seen. There was low humidity, ocean breezes, and the temperature was around 80-90 degrees. During our first month there, I became alarmed one morning because I saw what looked like a smoke plume in the sky. I quickly realized, though, that it was only a cloud – I just hadn’t seen one in a few weeks. Winters in Spain can be pretty rainy and windy, but you’ll also have your share of 50-60 degree sunny weather. The forecast can definitely be all over the place during the winter months, but I’d definitely say there are more nice days than not.


One of the best things about being stationed at Rota is the proximity to other European destinations. You can hop in your car and be in either Portugal or Gibraltar in about an hour. Seville (which I always call Sevilla now – you will too!) is an hour north by car, and a very popular destination for military tourists. Admittedly, travel from Rota isn’t quite as easy as travel from, say, Germany, but still is much closer and cheaper than any locations in the US. We visited countless countries while we were there. For 3-day weekends, the base clears out thanks to low-cost/no frills carriers like RyanAir.


Although the Spanish school year roughly matches up with that in the US, the Spanish calculate what grade a student should be in differently–they look at the calendar year. Whereas in the US, we might say you have to be 6 years old by July 31st to start 1st grade in September, the Spanish will look to see if the child will turn 6 anytime during that calendar year. There is a DODEA school on base for K-12, but base residents are also allowed to use the local schools for a 100% immersive experience. I saw lots of kids become completely fluent in my three years there. Another difference is that school in Spain starts at 3 years old (free, public school as we think of it). Your other option would be to put your child in the fee-based preschool on base at the Child Development Center.


If you are going to Spain soon, count yourself lucky (pun intended). The US dollar-to-Euro exchange rate when we were there was $1.33 to 1 Euro. Now, the exchange rate is much more even, making travel, restaurants, and trips to the mall much more palatable.


The Spanish are a lively bunch, and they love their fiestas and festivals. A historically Catholic country, many/most of the festivals are centered on Catholic holidays and feast days. Shortly after Christmas, they celebrate Three Kings Day with a big parade in each town. It is a much bigger deal than Christmas Day is. The Kings on the floats throw candy down to the spectators, and the spectators, who act like they’ve never seen candy in their entire lives, go crazy trying to gather as much as they can. Hold on to your little ones, folks…it gets a little intense.

Three Kings Day is fun, but perhaps the biggest deal in southern Spain is Feria season. Feria de Primavera is a spring festival, but it’s really so much more. Each town has its own Feria grounds where there will be carnival-like games and tents set up for drinking, eating, and dancing sevillana. Women will be dressed in the most gorgeous, form-fitting dresses with flowers in their hair. They even dress up the horses. Each town decides when to hold its feria, so it’s very possible to constantly attend different ferias for weeks at a time. Just make sure your liver is in check, and you don’t have to wake up early the next day!

Another uniquely Spanish event takes place during Holy Week–the week leading up to Easter. It can be disconcerting to foreigners, but hooded men will carry religious displays through the streets of the towns. The marchers are called penitents. Unfortunately for Americans, the costumes are very much like those worn by the Ku Klux Klan in the United States, and it can really be startling at first. However, this deeply reverent event quickly dispels any thoughts of menace, and it is really a sight to behold.

General Base Information

Coming from a Marine base, I found Naval Station Rota pretty modern. However, I did encounter some Air Force spouses who decried its lack of amenities. So, I guess your opinion might greatly depend on from where you PCS.

There is a good size Commissary and Exchange (not open until 10am, Spanish hours), a new bowling alley and restaurant, a big gym with a track, CDC, pool, an animal shelter, library, post office, a few Spanish shops, and restaurants. It really is a nice little base, and super easy to navigate.

Rota has its own air terminal, so you can catch flights back to the States using Space-Available travel. It can be tricky to figure out at first, but as an OCONUS stationed spouse (or servicemember), you have higher priority than your US-based counterparts. This is a great way, especially if you can travel at “off” times, to travel cheaply back to the States, or even to places like Sicily or Greece.

The MWR office on base does an awesome job of scheduling base events, events for kids–like dance lessons and gymnastics, and also local or international trips. I highly recommend doing some of these trips as a stress-free way to become acquainted with your new surroundings. Another important piece of info is that jobs are hard to come by because a certain number have to be filled by Spanish nationals.

Finally, an interesting feature of this base is that it is primarily a Spanish Naval Base. There is a whole part of the base entirely dedicated to the Spanish Navy. The US merely leases space on the base. A few areas of the base overlap, and US citizens are welcome, for the most part, to use amenities on the Spanish part of the base such as the Spanish post office, officers’ club, and pool. This feature is very unique amongst OCONUS US military installations.

This was the best place we’ve ever lived. You could walk right out the gate and instantly be immersed in one of the friendliest, most vibrant cultures you’ll ever experience. If you are lucky enough to be stationed in southern Spain, enjoy every second of it because no place after will compare. Here is my list of things not to miss:

  • Tinto de Verano: a “summer” wine, red wine mixed with a Spanish version of Sprite
  • Olives: their olives are NOTHING like the “Spanish” olives in US supermarkets
  • Café con leche: tiny little espressos with steamed whole milk, strong and delicious
  • Spanish pottery: right near base in El Puerto de Santa Maria is a big plant store/garden shop called “Viveros” where you can find the most BEAUTIFUL sets of pottery.
  • Sunsets: the sunsets over the Bay of Cádiz are spectacular, and it’s really interesting to watch the position of the sun change over the seasons
  • Gypsy Markets: southern Spain, like many areas of Europe, has “gypsies” and gypsy markets (mercados gitanos). You can find anything here from giant tubs of amazing olives, adorable baby clothes, sevillana outfits, shoes, etc…  And it’s a million times cheaper than the regular stores
  • Olive Oil: Buy locally produced olive oil that isn’t even sold overseas. Spain is the world’s largest olive oil producer, and it’s just amazing.  I suggest Nuñez de Prado.

I hope you will love being stationed there as much as my family did. By the book I wrote here, you can see that I miss it dearly. I know there are things I’ve missed, such as descriptions of the many wonderful towns surrounding base, but it’s best if you take the time to discover the area on your own and really make it your home while you are there.  İBuena suerte!

Have you ever been stationed in Rota, Spain? Tell us about your experience!

By Alicia Cobb, military spouse and NMFA Volunteer



Add yours
  1. 1

    A childhood friend was stationed in Rota in the 1980s. Although we had lost touch in our adult years, he would call me out of the blue – usually on holidays when he figured I’d be visiting my parents. I only found out after his death that he had been stationed in Rota, and I wanted to learn more about this place. It sounds like it is as magical as I imagined it would be. I feel a connection, not just because of him, but because I have Spanish heritage in my blood. Also, he gave me my first gift from a boy, and it was a Spanish style dagger letter opener. I still have it and treasure it. I wish I could have visited him there.

  2. 2
    Kathy Holstrom Mosher

    I was a Navy military brat living in Rota from 1964 – 1969. I was 16 when we went back to the States. It was the most incredible time of my life. I still dream about Rota, and I am 64 now. Everything I read about it now is just like stepping back in time and also so different. I still miss it terribly. Most of my best life lessons I learned while living there. I feel so blessed to have had the adventures I had. It is a magical place, and I know anyone who is lucky enough to be stationed there will have the same feeling when they leave.

  3. 4
    Carl Barker

    I was stationed in Rota from 1966-68 as a 2nd class Radio Operator in the communications station. I was 22 years old and just had a blast. I bought a 1966 red Volkswagen from a guy heading back to the States and the stories I could tell about my travels and adventures through out my 18 months there. Thank you for your article because it just brought back so many great memories as a young sailor that was so blessed to have served there. I recall the many bars running down both sides of the streets and the many people I met just traveling across Europe and staying in Rota for awhile to earn enough money to catch a train and move on. Guess those were the “Good ole days!” There use to be a Bull ring right there in town and we would go there to watch the action.
    Many thanks again!

  4. 5

    Doubt that the sun sets at 10:30. Given the Latitude of the town — about the same as Virginia Beach that seems highly unlikely. I doubt that sunsets ever occur later than about 09:48 p.m. Granted, that’s later than sunsets at the same Latitude in the U.S., but that’s because of differences in the time offset of the time zone and the Rota’s Longitude within the zone that skews it’s sunset time toward later.

    However, the sunrise time also occurs later. Sunrise in the summer isn’t until after 7 a.m. which is unheard of in the U.S. Probably makes getting out of bed difficult, especially after a night of drinking Sandeman wine.

  5. 6
    Wendy Allen

    I lived on the base in the late 50s and early 60s. I went school there 1st through 4th grade. We lived in a house that looked out on the beach, where I spent hours playing. I still have my little girl feria dress. We always went to Feria and Semana Santa. I remember the decorated gypsy wagogons and every one dressed in their finery on their way to Feria. It was a great place to grow up. I also lived right outside Sevilla for a number of years.

  6. 7
    Robert Passeger

    I was stationed in Rota from 86’ to 89’ and worked on the transit line. I still miss it.
    I got to know a lot of locals there and was even invited to a friends relatives ranch to experience (and take part in!) a bull fight they had with a young bull they used.
    While there I regularly visited Cádiz and even enjoyed the Feria there as well as the one in Rota. Also drove through Andalusia’s beautiful countryside visiting Ronda, Granada, Marbella, Sevilla (which I too pronounce “Sevilla”) and other places. I really miss it. Of all the places I’ve travelled I miss Rota like home.

  7. 8

    I am in Rota currently, since July 2015 ( 3 years total), coming from San Diego I was told the climate was very alike. I found it to be a touch hotter in summer and very humid and the winters a bit colder, the people are very kind and welcoming I admit it took some time to understand some of the cultural differences, their love for family, friends and enjoyment of life ranks very high. Beaches are beautiful, Sherry Bodegas, goat farm, pig farm, festivities are fun for everyone. The nearby towns always incredible with history and the sunflowers make a great backdrop for photos. I hope everyone can experience Europe and soak up its culture. I hope to return!!

  8. 9
    Laura Reese

    My family was stationed in Rota from 1977 to 1980 and I attended DGF for 2nd through 4th grade. It was an amazing time in my families life. My father retired from the Navy after 21 years right after we left Spain and died from cancer a year later so I remember Spain as a wonderful time before he was sick. I will be going back there during the summer of 2019 to complete the Camino de Santiago and have a friend of mine (with a retired military ID) meet me in Rota so that I can see the base again. So excited!!

  9. 11
    Anita Cleetus

    We are hoping to visit Rota this summer and I loved reading your article. We lived in Japan for 4 years and enjoyed every single minute there. We still have good friends who come to visit us annually. I do hope we can enjoy living here someday too.

  10. 12
    Dave Fenton

    Just Luv this place!! Hope to retire there one day. Stationed with NMCB-3 from 91-92 and took long weekend trips each Holiday to Algarve Portugal, Gibraltar and Granada etc. Met many locals and with the basic Spanish I learned from on base Family Service Center course had a blast speaking and learning practical Spanish. Since then have discovered Costa Rica, Colombia and Peru but Spain still holds a special place in my heart with its warm genuine people.

  11. 13
    Brad McQuone

    Was in Rota late 1969-70… Rota Rodeo Assn… I was young my father Howard McQuone Was stationed there. Change my life, one of the best times ever for my family and I, always think about it.

  12. 14

    Good blog. Great article. Thanks!

    Yes, been there. Oh, yes. Known Rota NS for 60+ years !

    We went to Rota NS when they were building the base in 1955.
    Town of Rota was nothing back then. We first lived in Seville. Then moved down to Rota NS when the housing was built on base.

    I graduated from Rota HS (DGF) in 1966.

    During my 30 years active duty I had a tour at Rota.

    Now being retired military, I fly space a into/out of Rota once or twice a year.

    ((Note: Cat 6 can no longer fly space a into Moron AB.))

    I now live most of the year in beautiful Seville.

    Again, thanks for this great page.

    Should anyone want to know the ends-and-outs of Seville, Rota, Cadiz, etc. give me a yell.

    Great web page for Seville is: explore GREAT PAGE! Has everything you need for Seville, local area, and Spain.

  13. 15
    Gary C Irby

    My dad was stationed in Rota in the late 50s. He was in the Air Force as a diesel mechanic working in the Seville area. We lived there as a family late 57 thru early 59. Both I and my brother attended school on the base. We lived off base. I was in 1st grade in 58. I remember going to the beach and bullfights. There was a winery and open air theater across the street from our duplex.

  14. 16
    Jim Souder

    I was a contract employee of the US Navy in the late 1980’s, working on meteorological/oceanographic forecasting systems… and salinity/temperature profiles for sonar calibration were important real-time data to have on a submarine. I spent a lot of time in Rota, Monterey (California), and Pearl Harbor back then. Rota was a lovely place to be, as was Spain in general.

  15. 18
    Melissa Whitfield

    I lived in Rota from 1992 to 1995 to this day I still miss it , I wish I could go back there and visit friend that I had while I was there. . You where talking about all the good stuff about living there, don’t forget about the food , they had the best food in the world. I’ve been trying to get a recipe on the pork sandwich with garlic and then the garlic chicken . Thank you for sharing it brought back a lot of memories.

  16. 19
    Kathy Skees

    My dad was stationed in Spain from 1966 to 1970. I was 6 to 10 years old during that time. Rota was a magical place for our family as well! I have wanted to go back since the day we left. Finally, 46 years later I got to go back with my hubby and familySo fortunate to have found someone that sponsored me while there and I got to tour Rota. Very little had changed and directed us to where our old house was (just been torn down). Despite that the memories were bittersweet. When I went back I truly felt like I was home. What a blessing to have had and have this life with our time in Rota among the biggest of them. If I could go back and live there I would. Maybe one day…….cheers

  17. 20

    I was stationed at the NSGA from 85-88. The first day I was there I fell in love with the ambience. From that day forward I fell in love with the food and culture. The, I discovered windsurfing… not the typical windsurfing you see people enjoying in America on lakes (although there are some very windy spots, like the Gorge in Oregon). Windsurfed just about every windy (20+ knots) day. Those that have lived in Rota know most days are windy. Spent a lot of time south windsurfing in one of the windiest places in the world, Tarifa. I’ve lived in another windsurfing mecca, Maui. But Maui had nothing on the western coast of Spain… not even the wind… Rota felt like home. Even more like home than where I grew up. But, from different friends that have visited during these past couple decades, Rota is not at all like it used to be since Spain joined the EU. All three friends said they are not going to return to Spain. I’m very grateful for being able to enjoy Rota and the west coast when I did.

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