According to Department of Defense’s (DoD) Surface Deployment and Distribution Command, the military moves roughly 530,000 service members and their families every year. More than half of those moves are during peak moving months of May through August. That leaves more than 250,000 service members and their families moving off season: during the academic school year.
While moving during the summer months may add a heavy workload to the DoD, moving in summer presents an ideal time for families to transfer schools without missing crucial educational requirements for military connected children. In contrast, moving the other 250,000 military members during the school year brings an entire new set of challenges for military members.
When changing schools during the year, there are plenty of hurdles both parents and students face. The important thing is to gather as much information and ask as many questions to school administrators and teachers before (and after) you PCS. Being organized and prepared is key to a successful mid school year transition.
Here’s a solid checklist and questions for parents with school-aged kids to ask, but we’d love to hear some of your tips and tricks when moving during the school year, too!
Research and Compare Curriculum – Do your research before you move.
- Will the school be able to meet the educational needs of your child?
- Compare curricula of your current and new schools.. You need to know if your child will struggle to keep up or be ahead of peers and thus bored in the classroom.
- Collect and review important schoolwork showing your child’s academic aptitude.
- Compare current schoolwork to curriculum in new school. What type of math are they teaching? Does the school use Common Core or has it opted out?
- Plan a conference for your child’s current teacher or counselor to review the new school’s curriculum.
- Take a picture of your child’s text book covers, websites they use and gather work samples of current work.
- Ask the new school how new students who are behind/ahead of current grade-level objectives are handled.
- Educational continuity is at risk each time a military child – no matter what grade they are in – moves to a new school.
- Teacher-to-Teacher Letter – A great preemptive idea is to have your child’s current teacher write a letter to the new teacher – even though you don’t know who it will be. This is a perfect venue for teachers to share information about your child’s learning methods or insight into behavior.
- Meet with the your child’s current teacher before you PCS. Take lots of notes at a parent-teacher conference. These notes will be critical when you advocate for your child’s education or services at the next school.
- Administrators – Ask your current school to explain procedures for withdrawal and forwarding your child’s records to the new school.
- Ask for a copy of your child’s records to hand carry to your new location.
Education Binder – Compile a binder that is home to all of your child’s important documents, including:
- Report cards – all of them, even ones from previous schools. It allow teachers to know the educational history of your child.
- Schoolwork samples
- Assessment results
- Teacher comments and conference notes
- Individual Education Plan
- 504 plan
- Shot records
- Speech or occupational therapy evaluations/summaries
- Letters from teachers (to teachers), including specialty teachers (music, coaches and art teachers, for example) if applicable
- Test results (Cog AT, Iowa Assessments, reading readiness, SAT)
Families On The Homefront offers a free downloadable Operation Dandelion Kids Education Binder to help parents advocate for their child and help tell their child’s education history.
Know Your Rights
Military families have rights and responsibilities regarding children’s education. It’s up to you to understand these rights and responsibilities. Don’t leave your child’s right to a good education in the hands of a stranger. Own it!
- Interstate Compact – Start here! Military Interstate Children’s Compact Commission is fighting to level the playing field for military family education.
- The School Liaison Officer’s job is to help parents navigate the local school system, every base/post has one, contact them for insights about your school or if you have problems with placement of services.
Information About Your New School
- School calendar – Ask for the new school’s calendar right away. It will list important dates you need to know.
- Registration requirements – Every school is different but most schools require PCS orders, proof of residency and immunization records.
- Holiday hours – Call the new school and learn when the school will be open to register and take a tour hours.
- Appropriate placement – Gifted and Talented and special needs programs often differ between schools. Understand what the school offers and how placement works for your child.
- How does the new school handle new students with IEP/504 plans, documented academic struggles and/or academic discrepancies?
- How do they program for Gifted and Talented students? Not all schools are equal when it comes to curriculum or testing.
- Speak with a grade-level teacher and/or counselor to get a feel for the school climate and available programs.
- Does the school offer a way for your child to connect with a peer school is back in session?
- Secondary students: understand transferring credits, graduation requirements, ranking and how to determine appropriate academic placement.
Contact Your New School – Once you arrive, get on the phone and be ready to get to work.
- Register and tour the school as soon as possible. Bring the education binder with all your important documents, share your education binder when you register so staff can place your child accordingly.
- Ask about the school’s procedure for reviewing and implementing a new student’s IEP or 504 plan. Schedule any necessary meetings to review your child’s IEP or 504 plan.
- Ask about procedures for parent/teacher conferences, schedule on within the first two weeks of school and share your education binder with the teacher as well.
- Don’t be shy. Parents need to be involved within weeks of arrival at their new location. There will be a ton of information and insights you WON’T have access to unless you make yourself available and start connecting.
Organization and preparation are keys to a smooth school transition, especially one during the year. The loss of support, routines, and social networks associated with changing schools can be challenging for both children and parents. Being prepared for this transition is your best chance to ease the anxiety of changing schools. Start early and be sure to follow up when you arrive. We all know that as parents, we aren’t happy in a new location until our children are happy and settled.
Have you recently moved during the school year? What is the best piece of advice you have for others?
Posted by Stacy Huisman, National Military Family Association Volunteer, Air Force spouse, mother, and freelance writer. Stacy was published in the popular book “Stories Around the Table – Laughter, Wisdom, and Strength in Military Life.” She is also a judge for Operation Homefront’s Military Child of the Year 2015.