Tag Archives: financial readiness

Military Advance Pay: Caution! It’s Not a Pay Day Loan

Another government ordered move and you are short on cash. You tried to save extra money in a moving fund, but these orders arrived quicker than you expected. You have a great job and your income is a big part of your family’s budget. What will you do?

A little-known provision of military pay is called “advance pay.”

Advance pay is neither an entitlement, nor a guarantee, but may be an option your service member can request, if there is a need, before, or shortly after, a PCS.

Advance pay is a type of pay available to help offset the cost of a move and cover extraordinary expenses such as: loss of a spouse’s income, down payment on a home, or cost of maintaining two households. Advance pay is just that – an advance of your service member’s basic pay.

DoD Instruction 1340.18 provides the nitty-gritty details about advance pay. A service member may be eligible to apply for 1-3 months of advance pay, and the repayment period ranges from 12-24 months. A service member can make a request to receive advance pay 30 days prior to a PCS, or 60 days after a PCS.

The service member’s administrative department can help process the necessary paperwork, form DD 2560. Remember, you must be able to demonstrate why the funds are needed. A shopping spree, or a new pool, does not count as an unmet need. Your service member may be asked to complete a budget, or financial worksheet, outlining the additional costs related to the move.

If your service member requests more than 1 month of basic pay, the request will need to be reviewed by the service member’s immediate command. Likewise, if you request a repayment period exceeding 12 months, the service member must justify the extended payback period.

Cautionary tips:

  • Advance pay is an interest-free advance of the service member’s basic pay and must be repaid. This means the service member’s pay will be reduced each month during the repayment period.
  • Advance pay must be repaid, even if the service member voluntarily or involuntarily separates from the service. You borrowed against your future earnings and must pay it back.
  • Your advance pay is taxable income, and may impact your income taxes. Be sure to consult with a tax professional to review your specific situation.

Personal stories from families who have applied for advance pay suggest having your justification and supporting paperwork ready. Many families are able to receive 1 month of basic pay with a 12 month repayment period. Anything beyond 1 month of pay and a 12 month repayment may require additional financial counseling and documentation. Be sure to fully understand the cautionary notes before your service member requests advance pay.

Have you requested advance pay? How did it impact your family’s PCS budget?

katiePosted by Katie Savant, Government Relations Information Manager

Are You Taking Advantage of Your Military Discount?

target-shopping-cartMilitary discounts are a great benefit offered to military families and retirees. You may have gotten into the habit of asking for a discount when you go into a restaurant or a store, but if you don’t, you should! Military discounts are also available when you shop on the internet – who knew?! Follow these tips to get the most for your dollar.

Be clear on the discount policy
Unless you regularly shop online, you may not be aware of the discounts available. Sometimes you have to hunt for the offers in small print, while other e-retailers proudly feature their policy for all to see. Some offer savings around military holidays such as Memorial Day, and others, like Lowe’s and Home Depot, offer discounts year round. When in doubt, ask!

The most common military discount is 10 to 15 percent off a total purchase. Home improvement stores, hotels, car rental agencies, clothing chains, and vehicle dealers are among the most reliable source places to save money with discounts. Some only offer savings to active duty members, while others extend it to retired service members and immediate family members.

Check coupon stacking policies
Always check the policies related to ‘stacking,’ or combining, online coupons. That’s one of the best ways to save. You might be able to combine a special holiday sale with savings from your military ID, store loyalty card points, or specific credit card bonus points. However, some retailers only allow a choice of military discount, or a special deal with a coupon from coupon websites. But that’s okay, savings is savings, right?

Look for price-matching opportunities
One of the easiest ways to save money when buying online is to take advantage of price matching policies. A store will match a competitor’s price online with some limitations: the item must be in stock at both stores, for example, and online auction sites are usually not considered competitors.

Use discounted gift cards
Another relatively new savings strategy is the use of discounted gift cards. In a nutshell, people who don’t want, or can’t use, specific gift cards will sell them online through a reseller. Why not use a $100 gift card you bought for $90? It’s like getting an instant 10% off! Be aware that scams abound in this growing market. Avoid buying gift cards on online auction websites, as they could be purchased with stolen credit cards. Stick to established resellers like Cardpool, Raise, and Card Hub.

AAFES/Exchange price-matching
Check with AAFES website, or your branch’s exchange website, for more savings and free shipping offers. You can often use manufacturers’ coupons, buy-one-get-one deals, and price matching. If you choose to use a credit card, the Military STAR card can also offer discounts and free standard shipping from e-retailers.

Military post office shipping
Amazon, Best Buy, Target, and Oriental Trading Company are among popular companies who ship to APOs and FPOs. However, many e-retailers don’t ship to military addresses because they lack an automated system to handle the Customs requirements. Consider shipping to a family member and using a forwarding service such as ShipitAPO or APO Box. If possible, you can also get free shipping by picking up an item in the store.

Protect yourself online
When shopping online, you’ll have to prove your military status to get a discount. Scanning and uploading your separation documents (DD214), Veterans Identification Card, or military ID can make you vulnerable to data-grabbing. This is especially true if you have an older card that lists your social security number. Reduce your risk by calling the 800-number. Also consider enrolling in an ID protection program, or with companies offering centralized shopping privacy protection, such as Veterans Advantage. Check your credit report for free once a year.

Your military family status offers you a world of discounts – you only have to ask and exercise reasonable caution to reap the rewards!

Have you scored big on savings with your military discounts? Let us know your tips and tricks!

Posted by Marie Hickman, a former military spouse and blogger specializing in saving money, personal finance, and frugal living. She writes for Valpak.com and other websites.

In it to Win it: Basic Training for Your Finances

Money-coin-stack300pxThe Department of Veterans Affairs reports service members are twice as likely to have credit card balances of $10,000, or more, than civilians. The typical recruit is a young adult without much experience in managing money. It’s never too late to make changes, but it requires a new mindset.

Taking control of your finances is like the paradigm shift marking the first day of basic training. Using a similar “in it to win it” approach to financial choices means a more stable future.

Avoid Scams and Pitfalls
Payday loans and other short-term, high-interest lending offer a quick fix, but experts say it’s the worst decision you can make. Average interest rates on a two-week loan are 391 to 521 percent, according to the Center for Responsible Lending. Car title loans, which use your vehicle as collateral, also charge interest rates in the triple digits; plus, you could find yourself without a car if you don’t repay in full. Instead, hit the reset button:

  • Create a practical action plan cut back on expenses, pay down high-interest debt and build an emergency savings fund.
  • Take advantage of the Thrift Savings Plan, or use your bank’s automatic debiting feature to set aside a portion of your paycheck.
  • Consider US Savings Bonds. Always shop around for the best bank rates.

Save Money Every Day
Nickels and dimes add up to dollars. A recent survey shows military families are cooking instead of eating out (58%), clipping and clicking coupons (43%), buying fewer clothes (49%), and bringing a packed lunch to work (49%). Think of saving as a game and build it into your everyday life.

  • Good planning starts with a budget. Know what is coming in and going out. There are many good apps out there to help.
  • Opt for paying cash instead of debit cards or credit cards.
  • Create a cash envelope system – literally putting cash in envelopes marked Groceries, Shopping, Utilities, etc. – to make sure spending stays in check.

Plan for the Future
Do you want to send your children to college? Buy a house? That requires planning. Don’t live for the moment; think ahead to the 20-year mark. What will you do and how will you pay for it?

  • Consult a professional. Every installation has a designated Personal Financial Manager available to help you, at no charge. If you want to take it to the next level, hire a certified financial planner.
  • Volunteer members of the Financial Planning Association offer free, unbiased financial coaching across the country. They can help you create a budget, readjust after deployment, and learn about types of investments.

Aim for Financial Stability
Serving in the Armed Forces is a job that comes with sacrifices. Your financial well-being shouldn’t be one of them. There are many resources out there, from apps to trained professionals, who can help you get a handle on your finances, but it all starts with your decision to act.

Have you used any of these tips before? Did they work?

Posted by Marie Hickman, a former military spouse and blogger specializing in saving money, personal finance, and frugal living. She writes for Valpak.com and other websites.

My Military Family Paid off $20k in 13 Months: Here’s How!

financial-freedomThere we were, sitting on our couch, looking at our online banking while deciding what to do for dinner. My husband and I did a double take simultaneously, “We only have $37.00 to last us until next payday…which is 5 days away.”

We were scared.

We sat quietly, surrounded by all of our things; 48” flat screen, two new cars in the driveway, brand new shoes, and that wreath for the door I just HAD to have. We were chained to our things, reflecting on how we’d gotten there.

We were both just 23 when we got married, he’d been in the military for a little over three years, and I’d only been out of college for a year, and had lived with my parents only a few months earlier. I thought we were on the straight and narrow with our finances – I had a full time job with the state government that paid me about $32,000 a year, and our rent was covered, thanks to BAH. We were golden. Or so I thought.

It wasn’t until that day with only $37.00 in our joint account that I realized we needed to find a new way to manage our money. We had no savings, and had bought a brand new bedroom set with the few thousand dollars we got from wedding guests. Newlywed life was paycheck to paycheck for us, and at the time, I thought it was okay. At least we had a nice bedroom set. In reality, we were one ‘emergency’ away from having it all come crashing down. Ironically, my husband is a Command Financial Specialist, and has counseled many other Sailors with their own finances.

So, in 2012, after 3 years of marriage, and pushing countless paychecks to the brink, we took control of our money. We didn’t want to see what would happen when the ‘rainy day’ came without a decent umbrella in tow. By this time, we had PCS’d to another state, and I had gotten a new job, paying $34,000 a year.

We decided to take a popular religious-based finance class at our local church. There, we learned how to pay down our debt in the fastest way possible – from smallest to largest. We figured out how to account for every cent and give each penny a purpose. And we stopped using our debit cards for anything except gas, and to pay our bills online.

We cut back tremendously, and used cash for everyday things: groceries, dog maintenance, and the occasional lunch or dinner out. Every other dollar went towards our debt: two car payments and school loans. By following this plan, we paid off nearly $20,000 in 13 months, on top of our usual monthly bills.

Today, we still use a ‘cash budget,’ and put hundreds, sometimes thousands, of dollars into our emergency fund each month. ‘How-in-the-world-will-we-be-able-to-pay-for-this’ emergencies are now just little inconveniences. Like the time our dog got sick while we were on vacation, and we rushed her to the doggie emergency room. Nearly 4 hours and $475 later, we paid in cash and took our fur baby home to mend.

Many military families live paycheck to paycheck – like we did.  But this does NOT have to be your reality.

February 23-28th is Military Saves Week, when service members and their families are encouraged to take the pledge to start saving and put your family on the path to financial freedom.

As an incentive for you (yes, you!) to take the pledge and start saving, if you send us a photo of who or what you’re saving for, you’ll be entered to win a $100 gift card to help get started! Send your picture to Social@MilitaryFamily.org, and be sure to include your name, email address, and what you’re saving for!

Have you found an awesome way for your military family to save money? Share it with us in the comments!

shannonPosted by Shannon Sebastian, Content Development Manager

Can Military Families Save Money on One Income?

calculator-and-coinsMy last paycheck came in, and it was a small one. I had just quit my job but had another one lined up, so it wasn’t a big deal. But on that day, I looked at my bank account and asked myself, where did all the money go?

My bank account reminded me of a clock moving counterclockwise. I thought about all the jobs I’ve had, from part time to full time to side jobs, and thought about where all that money had gone. I even wondered the same thing during the stint where I ended up with unemployment benefits after a layoff. If I had only just put all that money away and made it to where we lived off his salary, I could have a few thousand dollars in a savings account by now. But it didn’t happen that way.

My husband and I are blessed that we can survive on his salary alone, so whenever I have had a job, I’ve taken on the grocery bill, gas for my car, my bills, entertainment, graduate school (out-of-pocket, and a pretty penny), half of the daycare expenses, and anything else that was, what I consider, a minor expense. That way, it doesn’t go under my husband’s list of expenses.

However, some of the jobs I took never paid enough for me to actually put a good chunk of money away in savings because of these same expenses. And that’s a major problem for military spouses. Granted, I am also not the best saver, but when you have a low-paying job coupled with everyday expenses, I was left with no motivation to even put a mere $20 away. And with school-aged kids now, something always comes up. So many small things get in the way of saving.

Speaking of something always coming up, I had to get new clothes for work because my size changed after I got married… and after I had kids… and after I stopped having kids. Thankfully, I always headed for the clearance racks, and that helped me save some money. I also bought clothes for my kids as they got bigger. The money we could have saved would have been spent on other necessities, first and foremost, but also entertainment things, so I don’t regret the purchases.

It’s not all a loss though. I’ve been able to put money away while I’ve been employed, and kept it safe from my spending habits, but the amount is not nearly enough. I wish I did have a few thousand dollars saved up. We do have a family emergency fund, and it’s a nice little cushion, but for my personal financial well-being, my own savings are not enough for what I’d like.

Now, getting ready for a new PCS move, I hope to find a better job that pays more so I’m motivated to save more. I also want to find where I can cut my expenses so I’m not left with the lack of financial motivation to put a little money away.

February 23-28th is Military Saves Week, where military families take charge of their own finances and savings. Don’t wait until your bank account dwindles to nothing – living paycheck to paycheck doesn’t have to be your reality. Take the pledge to save NOW.

And to make the deal even sweeter, if you send a picture of who or what you’re saving for to Social@MilitaryFamily.org, you’ll be entered to win a $100 gift card to put towards your new savings goal!

Are you a one-income family? How do you save money?

Posted by Sylvia Salas-Brown, Military Spouse and National Military Family Association Volunteer

This Little Piggy Bank Went to the Slaughter House

money-resolutionsThere once was a little, plump piggy bank who lived in a Marine Corps house. From time to time, it was fed with quarters, pennies, and lint. It was a happy piggy bank, growing heavier and heavier, until one day it met its unexpected demise, thanks to the swing of a hammer.

My husband started a Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) just a few years ago. Because we’ve had to wait a long time for a Veteran’s Administration (VA) retirement rating, we’ve had to reach in and cash it out because things haven’t worked out exactly the way we had planned with our financial stability. We’ll have to pay taxes on his TSP for cashing it out early, but we are in a bind and don’t see any way around it. I could kick Murphy’s Law right now.

We have three piglets (I mean children…don’t tell them I said that) at home to support. And as you know, life happens, and so does the unexpected. Our dog, a tiny Yorkie, was attacked while on a walk by a huge and ferocious dog, resulting in a $1500 vet bill, and over the years, our cars have needed major repairs, costing us major bucks. We could have bought “new to us” used cars for the amount we paid in repairs and I swear the last car we had was a lemon. It might have been more useful to us sitting on bricks in a hillbilly front yard. Another time, I needed an emergency root canal, and just recently my crown fell out. I know that’ll need to be fixed – I’ll put that on the list of stuff to do, worry about, and come up with the funds for. I could go on and on.

I think the biggest financial heartache for us was when we received six weeks’ notice to move across country from California to North Carolina, just after the housing market crashed. We had a house that depreciated in value, and we were broke for six months until it sold. We had to get a rather large personal loan to pay the difference of the house. It took us five years of huffing, puffing, and working our tails off to pay it back. We tried applying for a government program that helps military families recuperate financial losses due to Permanent Change of Station moves, but like many others, we were denied.

Even when we thought we were saving for a rainy day, that rainy day would turn into a hurricane with gale force winds blowing our little piggy bank over, smashing it to the ground. All of our nickels and dimes scurried into somebody else’s fat, overfed piggy bank.

Our little piggy bank has gone to the slaughter house many times. So how can you avoid it? My advice is to set up a TSP account NOW, put as much money as you can into your little piggy bank every paycheck, even if it’s only a few dollars, talk to a personal banker who can give you advice. Go to a retirement seminar with your spouse and be on the same page with them about finances. Buy used and save the difference; not everything you own has to be brand new, your brain seems to understand spending when you pay with cash, but not so much when you pay with a credit or debit card.

Most importantly only buy something if your little piggy can afford it, and it will go “Wee, wee, wee! All the way home.”

February 23-28, 2015 is Military Saves Week, where military families are asked to take a pledge to save for their financial future. Best of all, it’s as simple as 1-2-click! Check it out and take the pledge for yourself or your family! As an incentive to pledge, send us a picture (Social@MilitaryFamily.org) of who or what you’re saving for, and you’ll be entered to win a $100 gift card! 

Posted by Amy Smith, Marine Corps Spouse

Financial Freedom Awaits: Apply for a FINRA Military Spouse Fellowship March 2!

financial-counselorSince I was young, I have been frugal and purposeful with spending money, and I’ve always been great at placing money aside. In my adult and married life, I’ve learned the importance of saving with intention. But I’ve also discovered the importance and power of goal setting. It’s far more powerful to know what one has in mind for the future, especially when it comes to financial freedom.

We have been debt free for five years now. From this experience, it inspired me to join the personal finance field. As a military spouse Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) Fellow, I overcame my first challenge as we moved from New Jersey to Arizona. I was beginning my fellowship towards becoming an Accredited Financial Counselor® during a permanent change of station (PCS). I knew that it would take a couple of months for our family to feel settled, so it was a challenge, at first, to find a program that would take me on as a fellow, knowing I was also managing a household after a cross-country PCS move.

I began by teaching the financial literacy curriculum to the Girl Scouts of Southern Arizona troops of Cochise County. Then I got connected to a program within the 4-H Cooperative Extension at the University of Arizona-South, called Launch into Life. Through Launch into Life, I was able to teach high school students about the importance of financial planning, along with other skills, like career planning, interviewing, and resume skills.

It wasn’t until I was trained as a Virtual Client Services Representative for Operation Homefront that I began to accumulate the majority of the counseling hours required by the FINRA fellowship program. I was fortunate to find a Certified Personal Financial counselor, who helped me find a volunteer opportunity within the Soldier for Life Transition Assistance Program. I also had the opportunity to volunteer as a personal financial instructor, teaching National Guard and Reserve Soldiers how make informed decisions about employment using monthly budgets, and I volunteered my time during the tax season with the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance program (VITA) for low income families in Sierra Vista, Arizona. The challenge of moving to a new duty station was overcome by getting connected and building a network. The more people I helped, the more these very same people helped me find other opportunities.

The best part of being a FINRA Fellow is getting to see someone understand that money is absolute – a dollar is still a dollar. Money can’t control you, but you can control money. I witnessed children as young as kindergarten learn about wants vs. needs, high school students understand a salary of a cashier does not allow for certain luxuries, like having cable television, and Soldiers having a better understanding of their income vs. expenses – a concept not known unless a monthly budget is made and followed. There are certain things that need to be kept in mind as one begins to accumulate wealth, whether it’s a few hundred dollars, or a thousand; you can either continue to save and spend the same amount of money you always have, or you can learn to adjust your spending habits and save a greater percentage of your income.

Three things to always think about while getting your financial ducks in a row:

  1. You don’t need to make more money to be able to save… simply spend less.
  2. If you don’t have the cash, do not buy it.
  3. Credit cards are not an emergency fund.

Becoming debt free has afforded my family the freedom to be able to give more to help others. It’s lessened the financial stress as we get closer to retirement. Now we can save more…and worry less.

Are you interested in changing your future? FINRA will be accepting applications for their Military Spouse Accredited Financial Counselor® Fellowship from March 2 – April 7, 2015!

Posted by Cynthia Giesecke, FINRA Military Spouse Accredited Financial Counselor® Fellow